Pahang is the third largest state in Malaysia,occupying the huge Pahang River river basin. It is bordered to the north by Kelantan, to the west by Perak, Selangor and Negri Sembilan, to the south by Johore and to the east by Terengganu and by the South China Sea. Its state capital is Kuantan, and the royal town is Pekan. Other important towns include Jerantut, Kuala Lipis, Rompin, Temerloh and the hill resorts of Genting Highlands, Cameron Highlands, Fraser's Hill and Bukit Tinggi. The Arabic honorific of Pahang is Darul Makmur ("Abode of Tranquility"). Total population registers approximately 1.5 million people resides in Pahang. The ethnic composition is roughly 1,000,000 Malay and Bumiputera, 233,000 Chinese, 68,500 Indians, 13,700 others, and the rest are non-citizens. Geographically diverse, Pahang ranges from mountainous country in its west to its beautiful and one of the longest coastline in the east Peninsula Malaysia. It adjoins the South China Sea for a distance of 208 kilometers. Of the total land area of the state, 48.8% is covered by forest, 23.4% is agricultural land, 16.3% is government land, 10.8% is urban and industrial land, 0.5% is Orang Asli (Aborigine) Reserve and the remaining 0.2% is mining land.
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